There are 27 Amtrak routes that travel less than 750 miles from start to end. Sixteen of these are entirely state-supported, while five have some state support. States pay for these shorter-distance routes through a variety of means.
Ridership is on the rise on many passenger rail routes in the Midwest, as is federal support for strengthening the region's passenger rail system. But some newly elected governors opposed new state investments in rail.
Seven Midwestern states are receiving assistance from the $8 billion High Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Program (part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) to upgrade four federally designated high-speed rail corridors.