Policy Area

RESOLVED, that Congress of the United States and the United States Department of Agriculture make the Rural Development title of the Farm Bill reauthorization a priority in terms of both programming and funding.

For an office traditionally understudied by academics, 2006 was a year which saw three new reports quantifying the office. Each shows that the office of lieutenant governor is a risen power. Data shows approximately one in every four governors in the nation for the past 100 years once served as lieutenant governor, and no office in the past 25 years had a better success rate of becoming governor. In addition, the office of lieutenant governor was the only statewide elected office to see an increase in real income in the 30-year period ending in 2005.

The No Child Left Behind Act is the most ambitious piece of education legislation ever enacted by Congress. Designed to promote accountability and prod states to address educational inequities, NCLB includes significant provisions regarding assessment, sanctions for low-performing schools and districts, teacher quality and standards for educational research.

The Internet age is transforming the office of secretary of state. States are expanding the content of their Web sites by adding public disclosure records and new transactions. At the same time, the availability of personal information on government sites and a lack of confidence in electronic voting machines are ongoing concerns.

Empirical studies provide strong evidence that most of the U.S. cancer burden can be attributed to tobacco use, physical inactivity, overweight and obesity, and failure to get screened for cancer at recommended intervals. This review of state legislation enacted between 2005 and 2006 suggests that legislators are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of policy interventions to reduce cancer risk.

The National Association of Attorneys General is celebrating its 100th anniversary, and continues to provide attorneys general with an opportunity to work collectively for the common good. Attorneys general are at the forefront of a number of critical legal and law enforcement issues and play a vital leadership role as representatives of the public interest.

Despite an impressive list of advantages, the U.S. can no longer assume that foreign firms will continue to invest and employ people here at the same rate as in the past. The effects of lobalization and off-shoring trends have led to fluctuations in foreign investment, with the U.S. dropping to third place (from second) in 2005 as the most attractive future FDI location after China and India.

State treasurers are the chief financial officers of the states whose duties are to assure the absolute safety of all taxpayer dollars and to guarantee the prudent use of public resources that fund vital government programs. In several states, treasurers also improve the financial security of their residents by providing college savings opportunities and financial education, and returning unclaimed property.

Governors and legislators should develop a suite of policy options that would recognize market demand with environmental sensitivity to cost-effectively increase energy efficiency and deliver sufficient and timely clean energy resources to citizens they serve.

It is an old cliché—the only given in life is change. Not all change is bad, however painful it may be. State auditors and state comptrollers are learning to accept and embrace change as they face an evolving professional landscape that includes a new, younger work force, a plethora of new accounting and auditing standards, fluctuations in funding and leadership, and a daunting array of innovative technologies and related security threats.