Policy Area

Chapter 1 of the 2000-01 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 5 of the 2000-2001 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 8 of the 2000-2001 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 11 of the 2000-2001 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 10 of the 2000-2001 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 9 of the 2000-01 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 6 of the 2000-2001 Book of the States contains the following tables:

Chapter 2 of the 2000-01 Book of the States contains the following tables:

"Business incentives" can be broadly defined as public subsidies, including, but not limited to, tax abatement and financial assistance programs. They are designed to create, retain or lure businesses for job creation. The term can be used interchangeably as "industrial" or  development incentives." "Tax incentives" broadly refers to any credits or abatements of corporate income, personal income, sales-and-use, property or other taxes to create, retain or lure business. 'Financial incentives" broadly refers to any type of direct loan, loan guarantee grant, infrastructure development, or job training assistance offered to help create, retain or lure businesses.

The Medicaid program was enacted in 1965 as a joint federal and state government program to provide health care for the nation's poorest people. Rising health costs over the three decades since its implementation have caused policy-makers repeatedly to examine ways to rein in expenditures. State governments began experimenting with managed care programs for their Medicaid populations decades ago, but due to greater federal government flexibility in recent years, the number of state Medicaid managed care programs has exploded. Less than 10 percent of the Medicaid population was enrolled in some form of managed care before 1992. Over 54 percent of the Medicaid population is now enrolled in managed care, according to the most recent Health Care Financing Administration figures.

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