White House Releases State-By-State Sequester Impact Info
In Texas, $68 million in public school funding and 930 teacher and aide jobs would be eliminated. 6,100 fewer people would get admitted to substance abuse treatment programs in New York. In Georgia, 1,100 fewer children would have access to child care. Nutritional programs for Colorado seniors would see a $720,000 decrease in funding. All of these cuts are possible according to the White House, which detailed how the sequester would impact individual states as the deadline for automatic, across-the-board spending cuts worth $85 billion draws near.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) calculates that sequestration will require an annual reduction of around 5 percent for nondefense programs and around 8 percent for defense programs. However, given that these cuts must be achieved over only seven months instead of 12 (as originally intended), the effective percentage reductions will be approximately 9 percent for nondefense programs and 13 percent for defense programs.
Some of the potential impacts of the sequester include:
Security and Safety
- Cuts to the Mental Health Block Grant program would result in over 373,000 seriously mentally ill adults and seriously emotionally disturbed children not receiving needed mental health services.
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) could conduct 2,100 fewer inspections at domestic and foreign facilities that manufacture food products while USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) may have to furlough all employees for approximately two weeks.
- The FBI and other law enforcement entities would see a reduction in capacity equivalent to more than 1,000 Federal agents.
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) would have to reduce its work hours by the equivalent of over 5,000 border patrol agents and the equivalent of over 2,750 CBP officers.
- At the major gateway airports, average wait times could increase by 30-50 percent. At the nation’s busiest airports, like Newark, JFK, LAX, and Chicago O’Hare, peak wait times could grow to over 4 hours or more.
- FEMA would need to reduce funding for State and local grants that support firefighter positions and State and local emergency management personnel.
- Small Business Administration (SBA) loan guarantees would be cut by up to approximately $900 million.
- Development of oil and gas on Federal lands and waters would slow down, due to cuts in programs at the Department of the Interior (DOI) and other agencies that plan for new projects, conduct environmental reviews, issue permits and inspect operations. Leasing of new Federal lands for future development would also be delayed, with fewer resources available for agencies to prepare for and conduct lease sales.
- Many of the 398 national parks across the country would be partially or fully closed, with shortened operating hours, closed facilities, reduced maintenance, and cuts to visitor services.
- Title I education funds would be eliminated for more than 2,700 schools, cutting support for nearly 1.2 million disadvantaged students. This funding reduction would put the jobs of approximately 10,000 teachers and aides at risk.
- Students would lose access to individual instruction, afterschool programs, and other interventions that help close achievement gaps.
- Cuts to special education funding would eliminate Federal support for more than 7,200 teachers, aides, and other staff who provide essential instruction and support to preschool and school-aged students with disabilities.
- Head Start and Early Head Start services would be eliminated for approximately 70,000 children. Community and faith based organizations, small businesses, local governments, and school systems would have to lay off over 14,000 teachers, teacher assistants, and other staff.
- The Social Security Administration (SSA) would be forced to curtail service to the public and reduce program oversight efforts designed to make sure benefits are paid accurately and to the right people. Potential effects on SSA operations could include a reduction in service hours to the public, and a substantial growth in the backlog of Social Security disability claims.
- Federally-assisted programs like Meals on Wheels would be able to serve 4 million fewer meals to seniors.
- Approximately 600,000 women and children would be dropped from the Department of Agriculture’s Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) from March through September. At least 1,600 State and local jobs could be lost as a result.
- Cuts to the Department of Health and Human Services’ Child Care and Development Fund would leave 30,000 low-income children without child care subsidies, denying them access to child development programs and ending a crucial work support for many families.
- The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Housing Choice Voucher program, which provides rental assistance to very low-income families, would face a significant reduction in funding, which would place about 125,000 families at immediate risk of losing their permanent housing.
- People receiving Emergency Unemployment Compensation benefits would see their benefits cut by nearly 11 percent. Affected long-term unemployed individuals would lose an average of more than $450 in benefits.
- More than 100,000 formerly homeless people, including veterans, would be removed from their current housing and emergency shelter programs.