State-Federal Relations: Federal Dollars Down, Federal Power Up
Most facets of coercive federalism—including federal aid shifted from places to persons, conditions and earmarks attached to federal aid, pre-emptions, limits on state taxation, federalization of criminal law, defunct intergovernmental political institutions, reduced federal-state cooperation in major programs, and federal-court litigation—remain vibrant. Only unfunded mandates and court orders requiring major state institutional change are less prevalent. State policy activism remains vigorous, but the Supreme Court is not enamored with state authority.
About the Author
John Kincaid is the Robert B. and Helen S. Meyner Professor of Government and Public Service nd director of the Meyner Center for the Study of State and Local Government at Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. He is former editor of Publius: The Journal of Federalism; former executive director of the U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations; and co-editor of Constitutional Origins, Structure, and Change in Federal Countries (2005).