South Dakota leads Midwest's states in rate of population growth

South Dakota was the fastest-growing Midwestern state between 2015 and 2016, and the only one that topped the national growth rate of 0.7 percent. The latest U.S. Census Bureau data, released in December, also show that South Dakota (overall growth rate of 0.9 percent) was the only state in this region with a net gain due to domestic migration. 

In contrast, Illinois lost more than 100,000 residents due to movement among the U.S. states between 2015 and 2016. During this period. Illinois’ overall population fell by 0.3 percent — one of eight U.S. states to experience a decline. North Dakota is no longer having the rapid population increases that had occurred during a prolonged boom in the state’s oil industry and overall economy. That state’s population grew by only 0.1 percent between 2015 and 2016.

The U.S. Census Bureau data also chronicle population changes between 2010 and 2016. Over that time period, most Midwestern states are growing at a slower pace than the national average. A central cause of this trend is the loss of people due to domestic migration. For example, Illinois has lost 540,000 residents to other states, while Michigan and Ohio have lost 216,000 people and 183,000 people, respectively.
Stateline Midwest: January 20174.53 MB