2005 Initiatives and Referendums

Ballot proposition activity was muted in 2005, as usual for odd-year elections, but several high-profile campaigns emerged across the country. The number of citizen-initiated  measures, 19, was a record high for an odd-year election, but only two of the initiatives were approved. All eight measures were defeated in California’s special election, and Colorado voters approved a partial TABOR suspension.

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About the Author
John G. Matsusaka is a professor in the Marshall School of Business and School of Law, and president of the Initiative & Referendum Institute, all at the University of Southern California. He is the author of For the Many or the Few: The Initiative, Public Policy, and American Democracy (University of Chicago Press, 2004).