State fiscal conditions were the focus of several recent national studies — here are some of the key findings for the Midwest.
As the new year began in Illinois, there was still seemingly no resolution in sight to a months-old problem: The state had no budget. But even without one in place, many parts of Illinois government continued to operate, as the result of a mix of judicial, legislative and executive actions.
“Government ‘shutdown’ is always in quotes because no government really shuts down,” notes Chris Mooney, director of the University of Illinois Institute on Government and Public Affairs. “It’s always a matter of to what degree — how much government activity is not being done.”
Illinois has been without a budget since July 1 because of a stalemate between the Democrat-led legislature and Republican governor.
Still, according to the Illinois comptroller’s office, 90 percent of state operations are being funded. For example, state employees get paid because of a court order; services for the disabled continue as the result of a consent decree; and other obligations, such as pension payments, are covered under “continuing appropriations” language in state statute. Illinois legislators also have passed emergency spending bills to fund K-12 schools and local governments.
“All states feel disruption without a budget,” says Brian Sigritz, director of state fiscal studies at the National Association of State Budget Officers, “but the level of disruption varies from state to state.”