Capitol Research

As revenues decline and Medicaid enrollment grows, states increasingly are turning to taxes on hospitals, nursing homes and other health care providers to generate funds to pay for their Medicaid programs.

The interest in taxing soda on a state level has rebounded in recent months. While only 14 states levy a sales tax on food for home consumption, 39 states and Washington, D.C., impose a sales tax on at least some soda purchases. In some of these states, the tax is simply part of the sales tax that applies to food; in others, it is a separate or higher tax.

Wind is a growing source of energy in the U.S., becoming increasingly economical with several environmental benefits.  Policies such as the federal production tax credit and state renewable portfolio standards are crucial to the continued success of wind energy. 

Unemployment rates remain high and people are unemployed for longer, exhausting state unemployment trust funds quickly.  More states are borrowing from the federal government to cover costs, which could have an impact on future fiscal stability.

Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT), a cost-effective policy for treatment of curable sexually transmitted diseases, is legal in 23 states. EPT is one approach to treating sexual partners of patients diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea infections, where patients provide treatment directly to their partners.