Capitol Research

Inmates in state prisons and jails have higher rates of HIV and STIs than the general population.  Inmates are usually infected prior to incarceration, but due to lack of access to health care and other factors they are often first diagnosed by correctional health services.  To stop the spread of infections in communities when inmates are released, state and local corrections, public health and community-based programs are collaborating to help inmates get tested and access  treatment for HIV and other STIs—both before and after release.

Green transportation - transportation that produces less greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline—is needed to mitigate climate change and reduce dependence on foreign oil. State and local governments are updating vehicle fleets to greener forms of transportation.

A new CSG Capitol Facts and Figures examines state cigarette taxes.

Cigarette taxes are a means to raise state revenue in a down economy as well as to discourage the use of tobacco.  Studies have found that increasing the price of tobacco effectively reduces smoking rates and can potentially save billions of dollars in medical expenses and loss of productivity annually.  However, states have failed to use the increased tax revenues to expand tobacco prevention and control programs.

While women continue to make gains in terms of their participation in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of state government, more progress is needed before they will reach parity with their male counterparts.