Public Safety

CSG South

Every year, the global $10 billion dollar human trafficking industry deprives individuals of their human rights and freedoms, increases global health risks and fuels the growth of organized crime. Centering around the most vulnerable, exploited and dehumanized people in the world, human trafficking affects women and children, as well as men and boys, and is carried out for a variety of purposes, most notably forced labor and sexual servitude. It is a problem that has endured for centuries, despite modern efforts by countries throughout the world to thwart the heinous practice. While the United States has, in many ways, been an international leader in this regard, the problem persists. Individual states are now taking up the responsibility of assessing how this practice affects people who live within their own borders and what they can do to further combat this problem.

Economic uncertainty in January 2008 evolved into a full-blown recession by the year’s end, impacting everything in its wake, from state budgets to mortgages and from college endowments to car loans. American consumers dealt with rising food costs, plummeting home values and jobs cuts while riding a rollercoaster of fluctuating gas prices. The downturn has meant the loss of sales, income and property taxes, which could have serious ramifications for important state government functions such as emergency management and homeland security. Complicating the fiscal challenges is the first transition of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to a new administration. This has led to a debate over the continued placement of the Federal Emergency Management Agency within Homeland Security. Yet even as that discussion ensues, the most destructive hurricane to hit U.S. soil since 2005—Ike—and the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India, serve as reminders that an all-hazards approach to emergency preparedness and experienced leadership are the real answers to threats, whether they are natural or man-made.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act attempts to balance the need for housing registered adult sex offenders with citizen concerns about housing such offenders in residential areas. The Act generally limits the number of registered sex offenders who can live together in residential housing at two. However, it grants exceptions to this rule and gives cities and counties the authority to exceed the limit if the cities and counties meet certain criteria when locating residential housing for registered sex offenders.

Suggested State Legislation: Enactment of UUFDA harmonizes state and federal treatment of unsworn declarations. The Act alleviates foreign affiants' burden in providing important information for state proceedings, while at the same time helping to reduce congestion in U.S. consular offices and allowing U.S. consular officials to increase focus on core responsibilities.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act directs that no person, other than the recipient of a call, shall use any Internet caller identification equipment or Internet phone equipment in such a manner as to make a number or name, other than the residential or business phone number or legal or business name of the subscriber or registered user of the Internet phone service, appear on a caller identification system of the recipient of the call. The Act does not apply to service providers who transmit caller identification information created or supplied by others.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act:
• requires certain state agencies adopt rules regulating access to the confidential personal information the agencies keep, whether paper or electronic;
• provides that a person harmed by a violation of a rule of a state agency adopted under the Act may bring an action in a court of claims against any person who directly and proximately caused the harm,

Suggested State Legislation: This Act makes it a crime to use an electronic device to entice a child’s guardian to engage in unlawful sexual acts with the child and makes it a crime to travel within or to and from the state to engage in unlawful sexual acts with a child.

Submitted as:
Illinois, Public Act 095-090, SB 2382
Status: Enacted into law in...

A vital tool for policymakers across the region, Comparative Data Reports (CDRs) offer a snapshot of conditions on a number of issues. Published annually, the CDRs track a multitude of revenue sources, appropriations levels, and performance measures in Southern states, and provide a useful tool to state government officials and staff. CDRs are available for adult correctional systems, comparative revenues and revenue forecasts, education, Medicaid, and transportation.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act is based on Michigan law. This Act:
• allows a judge or district court magistrate to order a defendant charged with a crime involving domestic violence, to carry or wear a global positioning system (GPS) device as a condition of release;

Suggested State Legislation: NetChoice is “A coalition of trade associations, ecommerce businesses, and online consumers, all of whom share the goal of promoting convenience, choice and commerce on the Net.” (see http://www.netchoice.org/about/). NetChoice developed a model law in 2008 based upon compilation of sections from legislation that has been passed in Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Missouri and Virginia to empower parents, educate children and catch and control sexual predators on the Internet. The model Act is designed to create a comprehensive approach for empowering parents, protecting children and pursuing and controlling child predators on the Internet.

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