National Center for Interstate Compacts

At this session, two interstate compact experts discussed important legal events in 2018 and their impacts on developing interstate compacts. 

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that the number of licensed occupations has risen from 5 percent of the U.S. workforce in the 1950s to about a quarter of the workforce today. Navigating the various state licensing processes can pose a significant challenge for workers due to different rules, regulations, fee structures and continuing education requirements. This panel looked at the rising use of occupational licensure compacts, particularly in the health care sector, to achieve professional licensure portability and...

States are continually looking for ways to ease the burdens of military spouses deploying to new states and military service members transitioning to the civilian workforce. This panel explored the policies that states are using to help military members and their families meet these challenges and how these initiatives may inform a broader approach to workforce mobility and state occupational licensure.
• Moderator: Marcus Beauregard, Department of Defense, Civilian Liasion Office
• Senator Carol Blood, Nebraska...

This panel examined how four professions have addressed interstate licensure reciprocity and portability. Panelists explained the mechanism for interstate licensure mobility in their profession, why they believe interstate licensure mobility is important for their members, and the benefits of licensure and licensure portability for both professionals and the public.

• Moderator: Nahale Kalfas, Attorney, The North Carolina Board of Examiners for Speech and Language Pathologists
• Michael Armstrong, National Council of...

This panel examined the evolution and current use of interstate compacts, discuss the history of interstate compacts and examine the scope of interstate problems states now tackle through compacts, with a focus on occupational licensure compacts. Additionally, the panel explored other forms of multistate cooperation and discussed why compacts are viewed as a superior solution to foster interstate cooperation, protect consumers and guard state sovereignty. As policymakers confront issues from health care delivery to infrastructure...

The Supreme Court’s decision in May to overturn the prohibition on sports betting in the states has unleashed a torrent of activity at the state level leading up to the opening of 2019 legislative sessions. Some states have already moved to allow sports betting – Delaware, Mississippi, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and West Virginia – while the majority have taken a wait-and-see approach.
CSG will convene a day-long series of panels designed to help policymakers navigate the policy implications of legalized sports betting during the States Place Their Bets Policy Academy at the CSG 2018 National Conference.

On June 28, 2018, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Veterans’ Employment and Training Services, or VETS, announced a professional license and credential finder portal for military spouses. The webpage comes after President Trump’s Executive Order Enhancing Noncompetitive Civil Service Appointments of Military Spouses. The webpage provides a comprehensive one-stop destination for occupational licensing portability, pulls resources from across the federal government, and highlights states with licensing rights for military spouses.

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CSG, in partnership with the National Conference of State Legislatures and the National Governor’s Association, released the National Occupational Licensing Database to help state leaders better understand the national licensing landscape. This database contains information on the criteria required to attain a license in 34 occupations with 18 requirements being assessed. Some of the data points include initial and continuing education requirements, training, experience, exams and fees. Additionally, if a certain occupation is selected, a map of the states that require licensure will be produced (See top image below for map produced when searching the database for information on electricians). The database also allows for the user to make comparisons between states and occupations (See bottom image below for an excerpt of search results from the database when selecting to show information on cosmetologists).

Recent court cases across the nation have shown that the interstate compact mechanism must interact with all three branches of state and federal government. CSG National Center for Interstate Compacts Special Counsel Rick Masters, co-author of the book The Evolving Law and Use of Interstate Compacts, provided an update on recent developments in the courts impacting the creation, implementation and administration of interstate compacts.

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