Last week, the House of Representatives approved the energy portion of a surface transportation package, the “Protecting Investment in Oil Shale the Next Generation of Environmental, Energy, and Resource Security (PIONEERS) Act” (H.R. 3408) by a vote of 237-187. The amended bill included several provisions to significantly expand offshore oil and natural gas development off the Pacific, Mid-Atlantic, and Gulf Coasts as well as Alaska as a way to fund transportation projects due to a shortage in federal-gas tax receipts for the Highway Trust Fund. In addition, HR 3408 would open up the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to exploration, incentivizes the development of oil shale reserves and it includes language to expedite the approval process of the Keystone XL project. Prospects for final passage are uncertain at best as the bill faces stiff opposition in the Senate and a veto threat from the Administration.