In October of 2011, the United States Drug Enforcement Agency placed a ban on the three most commonly used ingredients found in bath salts for a one-year trial period. The ban came about because of the exponential increase in bath salts abuse. According to the American Association of Poison Control Center, there were 6,138 emergency calls related to bath salts in 2011, up from just 304 in 2010, an increase of 2018 percent.
Bath salts, which draw their name from their appearance, are a chemical drug made up three illegal substances: mephedrone, MDPV, and methylone. This combination causes a stimulant effect similar to methamphetamine, and is highly addictive. Users of the drug often report paranoia, delusions, and suicidal thoughts, and may act in bizarre and even psychotic ways.