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In Minnesota, a 75-year-old law had made it illegal to drive in neutral. Another measure made it a misdemeanor to carry fruit in an illegally sized container. Those statutes — and many others — are now gone as the result of what Gov. Mark Dayton and state lawmakers dubbed the 2014 “unsession.” In all, close to 1,200 laws and other state policies were eliminated or changed.

Town of Greece v. Galloway could have been one of those cases where the Supreme Court totally changed the law.  But it wasn’t probably because two things “die hard” in the Supreme Court:  precedent and tradition.  Both lead to an inescapable (if 5-4) decision that if legislative prayer will die, it will “die another day.”  

In short, the Supreme Court held that the Town of Greece did not violate the First Amendment by opening its meetings with a prayer relying on precedent and the long-standing tradition of legislative prayer. 

By mid-April, the 2014 legislative session had ended in Nebraska, with its 49 senators leaving the Capitol and returning to their jobs and lives outside of state government. But the work of state government continues, with many important decisions left in the hands of Nebraska’s state agencies....
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Which states operate under full-time legislatures, and which have part-time lawmakers? The answer is not always clear-cut, and is based on a mix of factors such as compensation, days in session and staffing levels. But there is no question that Michigan employs a full-time model. Its 148 legislators meet year-round and are paid an annual salary of $71,685.

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When Wisconsin lawmakers authorized the establishment of a “working library” to be housed in the state Capitol in 1901, the seed was planted for what soon became an invaluable resource for the Legislature and the citizens of Wisconsin.
More than 100 years later, the Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau — the nation’s first nonpartisan legislative service agency to provide drafting and research services to legislators — boasts an impressive record of innovation and public service and remains a vital facilitator of the legislative process in Madison.

State policymakers looking for an innovative policy response to an issue they face can find it in The Council of State Governments’ cookbook for state policy—Suggested State Legislation. The program, commonly known as SSL, is one of the oldest tools CSG offers in its efforts to serve the states.

by Michael Christensen

Michael Christensen, chair of CSG West’s Legislative Service Agency/Research Directors Committee, has been director of Utah’s Office of Legislative Research & General Counsel for 13 years. His staff of 60 helps state legislators be more effective. Here are his tips for new and experienced lawmakers on how legislative staffers can help.

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Michigan legislators have added the state Capitol building and its grounds in Lansing to the list of designated state historic sites. The same legislative package (SB 665, SB 666, HB 5134 and HB 5135) also creates a new state commission that will be...

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Kansas legislators can carry concealed weapons inside the Capitol this year as the result of a 2013 law, the Lawrence Journal-World reports. Under the measure (HB 2052), the operators of a government or public building must screen all visitors for weapons if they want to prohibit concealed-carry permit holders from bringing a gun inside the building.

Stateline Midwest ~ July/August 2013 and Detailed table on laws determining session length »

In Iowa, legislators can meet in session as long as they like — no state statutes or legislative rules prescribe a maximum number of days.

But the Iowa Code does provide at least one incentive for legislators to finish the state’s business in a timely manner. After 110 calendar days in odd-numbered years and 100 days in even years, per-diem payments for state legislators ($134 a day for most of them) end. 

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