Top 5 Issues for 2017: Transportation & Infrastructure Policy: Transportation Reshaping Communities
Issue: The 2016 election saw the passage of ballot measures to enable new transit investments in Atlanta, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Seattle. But in Washington, D.C. and other cities, years of neglect of transit systems are burdening public officials with funding, safety and service challenges. Meanwhile, ride-hailing services are continuing to evolve to fill increasingly essential roles. As governments look to provide and enable all these mobility options, how do they ensure that successful communities are built around transit, that housing remains affordable and that those communities work for all their residents?
Transit investment was a big winner in the 2016 election, with voters approving significant ballot measures in Atlanta, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Seattle that could dramatically reshape those communities in the years ahead. In all, 77 ballot measures were approved during 2016, which are expected to generate $170 billion in transit funding. It was part of a larger trend Smart Growth America President and CEO Geoff Anderson has been seeing for some time.
“Seventy percent of the ballot initiatives around transit passed (in 2016),” Anderson said at the Transportation for America (T4America) Capital Ideas II Conference in Sacramento in November. “That’s been consistent since the year 2000. I can point to dozens and dozens of places where leadership of all stripes has been advancing downtown revitalization, making sure that as revitalization happens we’re paying attention to displacement and making sure that the benefits of new investment are accruing to the people who have lived through hard times in neighborhoods.”
Anderson, who ran the Smart Growth program at Environmental Protection Agency during the George W. Bush administration, said it’s all part of a 20-year experiment to revamp the nation’s cities.
“It’s not perfect yet and there’s a lot of work still to do but I’d say there is a remarkable level of consensus out there among the American public for moving in this direction and that for me means that we’re going to need to continue working very hard at the local level, at the state level,” he said. “Transportation … is incredibly important not just as a vehicle of moving people back and forth but really as an opportunity to help people achieve the goals they have for their lives and to reshape and play a role in reshaping communities into the kind of communities that support the lifestyles and lives they want to live.”
Atlanta’s MARTA Expansion
The Atlanta region was one of the big winners on November 8. Voters in Atlanta and surrounding Fulton County approved a one-half cent sales tax increase that is expected to raise $2.5 billion over 40 years to pay for a new light rail line, a transit station, increased bus service and other upgrades to the MARTA transit system. It was all set in motion by Georgia’s 2015 transportation funding legislation and a 2016 follow-up bill that had an unlikely champion—House Speaker Pro-Tempore Jan Jones, who hails from the Atlanta region.
“She has not been a fan of MARTA,” said Jones’ colleague, Rep. Stacey Abrams, the Georgia House Minority Leader, at the T4America conference. “She has not been a fan of public transit. But she saw what we were seeing, which is that companies were leaving suburban Atlanta to come in town because they needed millennials to be able to get to work. And after the third major company moved out of a major suburban area … she recognized that we had to take an important step forward.”
Abrams said Georgia has significant divisions along party lines, along racial lines and along urban, suburban and rural lines that have exacerbated transportation challenges over the years.
“Georgia cannot survive if we continue to ignore all of those divisive issues,” she said. “Gwinnett County is the second largest county in the state. It is now a majority minority county. It is entirely suburban. It is almost landlocked. And the poverty that is growing in that county is because people literally cannot get to work, they cannot get out of the county. They have up to an hour-and-a-half commute. That’s if they have a car. If you’re waiting for the bus, God be with you. And so what I think we’ve created is a predicate for how going forward we can have a thoughtful conversation that is bipartisan in nature, that doesn’t ignore the challenges and the distinctions that come with being in the minority, whether it’s a racial minority or a political minority but recognizes that we all have the opportunity to work together to get the work done and I’m just very proud that I’ve had a chance to be a part of it.”
Los Angeles’ Measure M
A ballot measure approved in Los Angeles, Measure M, is expected to be even more transformative for a region that has come to be known for its nightmarish traffic. Voters approved the extension of an existing sales tax and an additional one-half cent increase that are expected to generate $120 billion in funding over 40 years that will allow for investments in rail, bus rapid transit, bike and pedestrian projects. For the City of Angels, it is a transit comeback story.
“Seventy-five or so years ago (the Los Angeles transit system)… had all been closed down,” noted Denny Zane, executive director of the advocacy group Move LA. “There had been a vast system prior to that and it was all closed down by the auto industry, the oil industry and the rubber industry. Now after Measure M, we are recreating this system and then some—a far more modern transportation system perhaps than any city in North America and that’s pretty extraordinary for a city that was a backwater of automobile industry hegemony.”
Zane believes Measure M was successful in November because voters liked the scope and vision of the plan for transit in Los Angeles.
“One of I think the most important lessons that we learned in Los Angeles County is that fortune favors the bold and in fact voters favor the bold,” he said. “That’s where you really are able to generate this sort of critical mass coalition and political resources to effectively advocate and where you can present a vision that will actually motivate voters beyond the high-propensity but tax-averse voters. So I would encourage people to think about perhaps if what they’ve been doing in the past has been to seek too little from the voters, to expect too little from them and that in fact if you were a bit more proactive, more aggressive, more system- rather than line-oriented, for example, that you might find the public more motivated to support it and I think easier to create a coalition around it.”
Advocates for Measure M said they were also able to attract votes by translating the $120 billion tax commitment into a number that was easier for voters to comprehend.
“It turns out this is less than 10 cents a day on average per person,” Zane said. “And so you say to folks ‘would you pay 10 cents a day for one of the most modern transportation systems in the world?’ It’s not even close. People go ‘yeah!’ Even conservatives go ‘yeah!’ In some ways, I think we’ve just failed to translate these tax obligations into their real person-level impacts. … People don’t see (10 cents a day) as very much. They see $120 billion as a lot.”
Aging Transit Systems Present Challenges
While many communities will be looking to use new transit dollars to expand service, some transit systems in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic are feeling the impact of years of chronic neglect.
“You should all feel free to use D.C. and the Metro system as the example of what not to do,” said Maryland State Delegate Brooke Lierman at the T4America conference. “There have been a couple of fatal crashes … over the last few years mostly because of deferred maintenance. It has gotten so bad that the federal government has said ‘we’re going to take you over if you don’t fix it.’ (The Metro) is funded by three different state governments so it’s impossible to hold anybody accountable. But right now they’re having to literally shut down entire lines to repair them over the next year or so and … (it is causing) headaches … for commuters from Virginia, D.C. and Maryland. … I will tell you those state legislators are hearing about it every day … and they are very engaged now on maintenance for the Metro system.”
A fire on the Metro last spring resulted in a 29-hour shutdown of the entire subway system and prompted a program called SafeTrack to perform maintenance on the system. But the frequent service disruptions and slowdowns have taken a significant toll on ridership. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, which runs the Metro system, reportedly has a $290 million budget gap. WMATA executives have proposed budget cuts that could result in less frequent service, more service cuts, higher fares and employee layoffs. Many believe additional federal support and perhaps a regional sales tax are needed to ensure the long-term health of the system.
Boston’s 120-year-old subway system, known as the T has also faced significant challenges. The Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, which operates the T, has about $9 billion in debt and a maintenance backlog of over $7 billion. The transit system experienced more major mechanical breakdowns than most of the nation’s other transit systems in 2014. Last winter, the MBTA pulled the plug on late night T transit service.
Transit Agencies Partner With Rideshare Firms
As some cities have faced transit service cuts and other communities underserved by transit have sought to expand their reach, rideshare companies (also known as transportation network companies or TNCs) like Uber and Lyft have stepped in to fill an increasingly essential role. Among the examples:
- The Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority in Florida ran a six-month experiment during which they supplemented half the cost of an Uber rider’s trip up to $3 to or from a transit stop in a small, underserved part of the transit system.
- Joint marketing efforts in Philadelphia and North Carolina’s Research Triangle have encouraged commuters to connect to transit via Uber.
- D.C.’s Metro system is said to be looking at working with Uber and Lyft to pool services as they seek to permanently cancel late-night subway service.
- The MBTA has also looked to the ridesharing industry to fill in the gaps caused by service reductions.
- Transit agencies in Nashville, Summit, NJ, Centennial, CO, San Francisco, Atlanta, Dallas, Cincinnati and Pittsburgh and even rural Nebraska have either contracted with rideshare companies or have contemplated their role in filling transit gaps.
But many see problems with this trend. Among them:
- If passengers abandon transit in favor of single occupant rides on Uber and Lyft, that could significantly contribute to traffic problems around the country.
- Opponents of measures to increase funding for transit have used the proliferation and popularity of Uber and Lyft to argue that buses and rail are old technology that shouldn’t be supported with additional tax dollars. That was one of the arguments opponents used to defeat a referendum in Detroit that would have authorized a $4.6 billion plan to double regional investment in transit.
- The rideshare companies themselves have even gotten into the act of kicking transit while it’s down. Uber got into some trouble in 2016 with the transportation policy community for running a print ad that showed a woman waiting for a subway train with the caption “You can’t miss an Uber.”
- Several transit systems have also looked to defray the costs of providing paratransit services for the disabled by partnering with Uber and Lyft. But disability advocates and others note that the ridesharing services have faced criticism over the accessibility of their vehicles and the competence and ability of drivers to accommodate disabled riders. “I think this is extremely important as public agencies are looking to lower their service costs by signing on through contracts with TNCs (that they make) sure these drivers know how to lift individuals if they need assistance getting in and out of the vehicle, how to do that properly without hurting the individual passenger or themselves,” Jana Lynott of AARP told me in an interview for Capitol Ideas last year.
Transit agencies, state and local government officials and others will have to carefully weigh all these issues in 2017 and beyond as they seek to best serve a traveling public increasingly seeking multimodal mobility.
Further Reading & Resources
Transit Ballot Measures
- “What it Takes to Pass a Transportation Sales Tax Measure in California,” Planetizen. December 6, 2016.
- “Why Voters Said ‘Yes’ to Public Transit on November 8,” Mass Transit. December 1, 2016.
- “Election Outcomes Put Atlanta Metro Region on Two Different Transportation Paths,” Planetizen. November 28, 2016.
- Washington: “Seattle Advocates Say 25 Years is Too Long for Transit Expansion,” Next City. November 28, 2016.
- Washington: “Sound Transit moves fast to get deals on loans, bonds for big expansion,” The Seattle Times. November 27, 2016.
- “How cities voted for transportation funding, coast to coast,” Curbed. November 11, 2016.
- “Wave of Ballot Measures Win Passage to Boost, Protect Transportation Funding,” AASHTO Journal. November 10, 2016.
- “In urban America, transit consensus is stronger than ever,” Public Square: A CNU Journal, November 10, 2016.
- “Mass Transit Won Big on Election Day. But It Could Still Lose,” The Atlantic Citylab. November 9, 2016.
- “If Not for Trump, Last Night Would Have Been Great for Transit,” Streetsblog USA. November 9, 2016.
- “In Maryland, Virginia and Elsewhere, A Good Day for Mass Transit Measures,” WAMU. November 9, 2016.
- “States, counties, cities approve $200B for transportation projects,” USA Today. November 9, 2016.
- “Advocates tout ballot victories for public transit systems,” The Hill, November 9, 2016.
- “Voters approve $54B Sound Transit 3 proposal; here’s what’s next,” Puget Sound Business Journal. November 9, 2016.
- “L.A. voters make bold bets with new taxes for transit, homelessness,” Los Angeles Times, November 9, 2016.
- “Voters still like public transit so they gave it close to $200 billion,” The Verge. November 9, 2016.
- “Infrastructure ballot measures win big in 2016 election, but significant gaps remain,” Brookings. November 9, 2016.
- “Election 2016: Major Transit Ballot Initiatives Approved in Atlanta, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Seattle; Illinois & New Jersey Move to Protect Transportation Funds,” CSG Blog Post. November 9, 2016.
- “Future of Transportation on the Ballot in 2016 Election,” CSG Blog Post. October 27, 2016.
- California: “Los Angeles Transit Expansion Empowered by State Policies, Priorities,” CSG Blog Post. July 14, 2016.
- “Aging Transit Systems in D.C., Boston Experience Growing Pains As Other Places Look to Invest in Transit Expansion,” CSG Blog Post. April 10, 2016.
- “To Ease Traffic, L.A. Needs Much More Than Trains,” The Atlantic Citylab. March 31, 2016.
- California: "Public Transit in L.A. Is Growing in Leaps and Bounds--but Where Are the Riders?" LA Weekly. January 5, 2017.
- California: “Federal government commits $1.5B for Purple Line extension,” KPCC. January 4, 2017.
- New York: “After a century of promises, New Yorkers finally get their 2nd Avenue subway,” The Washington Post. January 1, 2017.
- New York: “Here’s Why It Took a Century and $4.5 Billion to Add Just Three Subway Stops in New York City,” The Daily Beast. December 31, 2016.
- New York: “As ridership grows, public transit looks to state for money,” Press Republican. December 31, 2016.
- “Why Is U.S. Public Transportation Woefully Inadequate?” Newsweek. January 1, 2017.
- Georgia: “Senate panel: Consider state funding for mass transit by 2018,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution. December 29, 2016.
- “6 Transit Launches to Watch in 2017,” Next City. December 27, 2016.
- Tennessee: “Nashville mayor to lean on state for transit funding tools,” The Tennesseean, December 23, 2016.
- Washington: “USDOT Launches Innovative Infrastructure Financing Tool to Provide up to Nearly $2 Billion to Seattle Transit Projects,” U.S. Department of Transportation. December 22, 2016.
- Maryland: “Transit Agencies Say Metro’s Woes Won’t Impact Purple Line,” Bethesda Magazine. December 19, 2016.
- “Uber Can’t Replace Transit—Here Are 3 Reasons Why,” Streetsblog USA. December 19, 2016.
- Pennsylvania: “Repeal Pennsylvania’s Act 44: The transportation funding law threatens to bankrupt the turnpike or devastate mass transit, neither of which is a happy prospect,” (opinion) Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. December 18, 2016.
- “Some cities are subsidizing Uber rides to cut public transportation costs,” Business Insider. December 15, 2016.
- Ohio: “New Powerhouse Statewide Coalition Calls on Kasich to Increase Transit Funding,” Cleveland Scene. December 15, 2016.
- “They Can Just Take an Uber: Cities across the country are cutting public transportation because they think ride-hailing services will fill the gap. They’ll regret it,” Slate. December 14, 2016.
- Texas: “Texas transit agencies eye bus changes after ridership jump in Houston,” The Texas Tribune. December 8, 2016.
- Hawaii: “$9.5 Billion for Honolulu Rail?” Honolulu Civil Beat. December 2, 2016.
- Florida: “Miami’s transit woes could be test for Legislature’s conservatives,” Miami Herald. November 27, 2016.
- Utah: “UTA chief seeks to expand service without raising taxes,” The Salt Lake Tribune. November 16, 2016.
- Massachusetts: “What the Heck is Wrong With Boston’s MBTA?” Streetsblog USA. November 4, 2016.
- “Uber’s Discrimination Problem Is Bad News for Public Transit,” Wired. November 3, 2016.
- “States Move Toward Greater Transportation Mobility,” Capitol Ideas. November-December 2016.
- District of Columbia: “Metro’s latest budget proposal includes huge cuts to rail and bus service,” Greater Greater Washington. October 31, 2016.
- “The End of Public Transit? Start-ups are proving more efficient than government in areas like transportation. Should some services be privatized?” The Atlantic Citylab. October 31, 2016.
- District of Columbia: “Should Metro outsource late-night service to Uber and Lyft?” The Washington Post. September 23, 2016.
- “National Transit Map Seeks to Close the Transit Data Gap,” Government Technology. September 13, 2016.
- Maryland: “Smart growth requires more than roads,” The Washington Post (opinion). August 12, 2016.
- California: “The Capital of Car Culture, Los Angeles Warms to Mass Transit,” The New York Times. July 20, 2016.
- Massachusetts: "Governor Baker Addresses Progress and Future of MBTA Reforms as Fiscal and Management Control Board Completes First Year," Press Release. July 20, 2016.
- New York: “A Hidden Cost of the Second Avenue Subway—for Renters,” Planetizen. January 4, 2017.
- “FTA Targets Five Cities in Latest Round of Aid for Transit-Oriented Development,” AASHTO Journal. December 16, 2016.
- Colorado: “First-generation TODs offer lessons for today’s transit-oriented projects,” The Denver Post. November 12, 2016.
- North Carolina: “Transit-Oriented Development Brings New Opportunities to Charlotte,” Fast Lane: The Official Blog of the U.S. Department of Transportation. October 25, 2016.
- Georgia: “Transit Oriented Development Breaking New Ground in Atlanta,” Planetizen. September 19, 2016.
- Texas: “How TOD is Fueling Growth in Southern Dallas,” Urbanland. August 31, 2016.
- Illinois: “Chicago’s proliferating transit oriented developments spark controversy,” The Architects Newspaper. July 18, 2016.
- Utah: “Development near transit considered key to handle Utah growth,” The Salt Lake Tribune. June 13, 2016.
- Connecticut: “State grants benefit smart-growth plans,” CT Post. June 8, 2016.
- “Americans overwhelmingly favor changes in land use and zoning regulations that encourage transit-oriented development,” HNTB. May 20, 2016.
- Illinois: “Policies and Politics, Not TODs, Are to Blame for Affordable Housing Crunch,” Streetsblog Chicago. May 3, 2016.
- Hawaii: “Transit-Oriented Development Assistance Will Help Honolulu, HI Make More Housing More Affordable,” Smart Growth America. April 13, 2016.
- New Jersey: “Lawmakers strike deal on bill to regulate car-hail companies,” Politico. December 16, 2016.
- “Some cities are subsidizing Uber rides to cut public transport costs,” Business Insider. December 15, 2016.
- District of Columbia: “Metro, Uber partner to carry more passengers to and from rail stations,” Washington Business Journal. December 12, 2016.
- Maryland: “Uber threatens to pull out of Maryland if state requires fingerprint-based background checks,” The Washington Post. December 3, 2016.
- Massachusetts: “Uber, Lyft drivers to face background checks sooner than expected,” Boston Globe. November 28, 2016.
- Texas: “Uber wants to return to Austin, spokesman says,” The Texas Tribune. November 17, 2016.
- Pennsylvania: “Pennsylvania lawmakers send ride-hailing legalization to governor’s desk,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. October 25, 2016.
- Michigan: “Lyft sees Detroit as possible transit partner,” The Detroit News. September 28, 2016.
- “Uber to use facial recognition for drivers amid safety concerns,” The Hill. September 23, 2016.
- “Uber finds a partner with some public transit systems,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. September 19, 2016.
- “Lyft’s ambitious future vision includes self-driving dominance by 2021,” Tech Crunch. September 18, 2016.
- “How cities can work with Uber and Lyft to create bigger, better transportation networks,” Curbed. September 8, 2016.
- “Welcome to Uberville: Uber wants to take over public transit, one small town at a time,” The Verge. September 1, 2016.
- Texas: “Texas Lawmakers Look at How Other States Regulate Ride Hailing Apps,” Time Warner Cable News, August 30, 2016
- Texas: “Texas Lawmakers Learn Details of Ride-Hailing Laws in Several Other States,” The Texas Tribune. August 30, 2016.
- “Uber and Lyft Promise to Play By the Rules (Sort Of),” The Atlantic CityLab. August 23, 2016.
- Massachusetts: “Massachusetts will give more money to taxis by taxing apps like Uber and Lyft,” Business Insider. August 19, 2016.
- Texas: “What happened in Austin after Uber and Lyft got up and left,” CNBC. August 18, 2016.
- “Most States Allow Transportation Network Companies,” State Net Capitol Journal. August 12, 2016.
- Oregon: “Uber wants Oregon Legislature to allow ride-hailing apps statewide,” The Oregonian. August 4, 2016.
- Massachusetts: “Massachusetts Lawmakers Agree on New Rules for Uber and Lyft,” Governing. August 1, 2016.
- “Uber, Lyft Transporting States to New Tax Challenges,” Bloomberg BNA. July 28, 2016.
- “Smarter Taxi and Ride-Hailing Policies,” Planetizen. June 27, 2016.
- “Uber, Lyft battle governments over driver fingerprint checks,” Phys.Org. June 22, 2016.
- Texas: “When Uber Leaves, What Happens?” Governing. June 15, 2016.
- New York: “Uber ridesharing bills not looking good for New York state,” Daily News. June 14, 2016.
- Texas: “With Uber and Lyft Gone, Ride-Hailing Startups Swarm Austin,” The Texas Tribune. June 7, 2016.
- Texas: “The Toxic Force That Poisoned the Uber and Lyft Battle in Austin,” Observer. June 2, 2016.
- New York: “Uber moderates its New York expectations, for now,” Politico. May 24, 2016.
- “State Regulation of Rideshare Companies,” Capitol Research brief. April 14, 2016.
- “Policy Implications of Transportation Network Companies,” Texas A&M Transportation Institute. 2016.
- Massachusetts: “Tech alone can’t make biking safer,” Boston Globe. October 14, 2016.
- “FHWA Points to Many Ways Bike/Ped Projects May Qualify for Federal Funding,” AASHTO Journal. September 9, 2016.
- “50 Reasons Why Everyone Should Want More Walkable Streets,” Fast Coexist. August 24, 2016.
- “U.S. Cities Want to Totally End Traffic Deaths—But There Have Been a Few Speed Bumps,” Fast Company. August 23, 2016.
- “Why Companies Are Moving Back Downtown,” Techwire.net. August 19, 2016.
- Nebraska: “Expert sees Omaha taking big steps toward a more walkable city,” Omaha World-Herald. August 4, 2016.
- “Cities Alive: Towards a walking world,” ARUP. July 2016.
- “Foot Traffic Ahead: Ranking Walkable Urbanism in America’s Largest Metros,” Smart Growth America. 2016.
- Idaho: “Boise sees a whole new way of thinking about transportation,” Idaho Statesman. March 25, 2016.
- “Bike programs need subsidies to keep rolling,” Stateline. March 24, 2016.
- “Active Transportation and Real Estate: The Next Frontier,” Urban Land Institute. March 2016.
- “Pedestrian deaths appear to be climbing: Can we reverse the trend?” The Christian Science Monitor. March 8, 2016.
- “Why cars and cities are a bad match,” The Washington Post. March 2, 2016.
- “Streets for All,” Center for American Progress. February 18, 2016.
- Georgia: “Atlanta Envisions a More Pedestrian-Friendly Future,” Next City. February 9, 2016.
- “Yet More Evidence Bike-Share Isn’t Reaching the Poor,” The Atlantic CityLab. January 19, 2016.
Impact of Trump Administration
- “What a Trump presidency means for New Urbanism,” Public Square: A CNU Journal. November 11, 2016.
Transportation & Communities
- “How the Opioid Epidemic Is an Infrastructure Issue,” The Atlantic Citylab. December 27, 2016.
- “The Smart Growth Movement: A (Partial) Success,” Planetizen. December 27, 2016.
- Oregon: “Inclusionary Zoning Now the Law in Portland, Oregon,” Planetizen. December 23, 2016.
- Pennsylvania: “How to Make an Affordable City More Affordable,” The Atlantic Citylab. December 23, 2016.
- Washington: “Seattle Is Creating a Ton of Low-Income Housing. How Do We Decide Who Gets It?” Seattle Weekly. December 22, 2016.
- Pennsylvania: “As It Gentrifies, Philadelphia Is Shedding Affordable Housing,” The Atlantic Citylab. December 21, 2016.
- “Secretary Foxx Releases Report Showing Progress in Seven Communities Striving to Create Upward Mobility,” U.S. Department of Transportation. December 20, 2016.
- “Expanding the Economic Recovery to All Americans Through Smarter Growth: Recommendations for the Incoming Administration,” Smart Growth America. November 2016.
- Washington: “Battling Inequality, Seattle Bets on Transit-Oriented Housing,” The Atlantic Citylab. December 14, 2016.
- “Seattle Starts $21M Loan Fund to Promote Affordable Housing Near Transit,” Next City. December 14, 2016.
- Tennessee: “Nashville’s unlikely ally will determine the future of the region’s $6 billion transit overhaul,” Nashville Business Journal. December 12, 2016.
- New York: “Density Promotes Economic Sustainability,” Buffalo Rising. December 12, 2016.
- California: “Sacramento asks developers to open wallets to keep city streets from clogging,” Sacramento Bee. December 8, 2016.
- “Report: How Amazon’s Tightening Grip on the Economy Is Stifling Competition, Eroding Jobs and Threatening Communities,” Institute for Local Self-Reliance. November 29, 2016.
- District of Columbia: “Suburbs seeking transit look for ways to keep residents from being priced out,” The Washington Post. November 28, 2016.
- Georgia: “Atlanta City Councilmember Keisha Lance Bottoms introduces legislation for Displacement Free Zones,” Atlanta Daily World. November 26, 2016.
- California: “A Potential Downside to $120 Billion in Transportation Investments in Los Angeles,” Planetizen. November 16, 2016.
- “D.C. Mayor: City’s Taking Affordable Housing to ‘Next Level,’” Next City. November 10, 2016.
- New York: “Cuomo Strikes Deal to Revive Affordable Housing Program,” The New York Times. November 10, 2016.
- “More Americans Leave Expensive Metro Areas for Affordable Ones,” The Wall Street Journal. November 1, 2016.
- Illinois: “Chicago Housing Authority Gets New Affordable Housing Tool,” Next City. October 26, 2016.
- California: “No Vacancies in California? Housing Report Begs to Differ,” The New York Times. October 25, 2016.
- New York: “The Other High Line Effect: How N.Y.C.’s Glitziest Park Spread Extreme Inequality,” Fast Company. October 24, 2016.
- New York: “Business and Housing Move in Together in Crowded Cities,” The New York Times. October 18, 2016.
- “Affordable Transportation and Affordable Housing Need to Go Hand-in-Hand,” Streetsblog, October 14, 2016.
- Colorado: “Denver council approves creation of city’s first affordable-housing fund,” Denver Post. September 19, 2016.
- “Seattle CDC Pairs Affordable Rent With Transit Discounts,” Next City, September 12, 2016.
- “Creating Sustainable Cities by ‘Reimagining the Civic Commons,’” The Atlantic Citylab. September 8, 2016.
- “Proposed federal rules for measuring and addressing congestion in states and metro areas generate widespread opposition,” Transportation for America Blog. August 22, 2016.
- “Seattle Developers Will Have to Build Affordable Housing or Pay Fees,” Next City. August 17, 2016.
- “Urban Planners’ New Enemy: Cities are increasingly viewing parking in a negative light and rethinking its place in metropolitan America,” Governing. August 2016.
- “It takes way too long to build new housing in expensive cities,” The Washington Post. July 21, 2016.
- Massachusetts: “Transportation chief: ‘We’re not going to build our way out of congestion,’” Patriot Ledger. July 19, 2016.
- “Traffic in the U.S. is going to get worse—but things are changing,” Associated Press. June 27, 2016.
- “An Accurate Answer to an Interesting Question: Are Compact Neighborhoods Really Most Affordable?” Planetizen. June 1, 2016.
- Maryland: “TRIP, Maryland DOT’s Rahn Report on Road Congestion Challenges, Efforts to Reduce It,” AASHTO Journal. May 20, 2016.
- “Affordable housing and transit should go hand-in-hand,” Mobility Lab. April 28, 2016.
- Texas: “Widening Highways Never Fixes Traffic. But Darnit, It Did in Texas,” Wired. April 25, 2016.
- “Why Some Suburbs Are Trying to Be More Like Cities,” The Wall Street Journal. April 24, 2016.
- Wisconsin: “Wisconsin DOT Highlights Congestion Costs,” AASHTO Journal. March 18, 2016.
- “Pathways to opportunity: Linking up housing and transportation,” Brookings. March 1, 2016.
- “Place Management in Downtowns & Transit-Oriented Developments,” Capitol Research Brief. February 5, 2016.