State Median Household Income

State median household income in 2012 ranged from a low of $36,641 in Mississippi to a high of $71,836 in Maryland. Median income has been on the decline since the recession, falling 8.3 percent since 2007.

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National Analysis:

  • In 2012, median household income was $51,017, essentially unchanged from 2011.
  • Maryland had the highest household income in 2012 at $71,836, followed by New Hampshire at $67,819 and New Jersey at $66,693, while Mississippi at $36,641, Arkansas at $39,018 and Louisiana at $39,085 had the lowest. 
  • When adjusted for inflation, median household income has been falling since 2007 when it hit $55,627. Since 2007, household income has fallen 8.3 percent.
  • From 2011 to 2012, 28 states saw an increase in real median household income, while 22 saw decreases. Mississippi and Delaware had the largest declines in income over this period, each shrinking by more than 12 percent, while Rhode Island with a 12 percent gain and Montana with a 9.7 percent gain saw the largest gains.
  • From 2007 to 2012, all but five states—North Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, Vermont and Wyoming—saw median household income decline. Nevada and Hawaii saw the median income drop the most over this period, both by more than 20 percent.

Regional Analysis:

  • In 2012, CSG’s Eastern region had the highest median household income at $58,510, followed by the West at $53,477, Midwest at $51,635 and the South at $45,381.
  • New York ($47,680) and Delaware ($48,972) had the lowest incomes in the Eastern region, while Maryland ($71,836) and New Hampshire ($67,819) had the highest.
  • From 2007 to 2012, median household income in the Eastern region declined by 5.9 percent.
  • During this same time period, all but one state in the region—Vermont—saw median income decline. Delaware saw the largest decline in the region (19 percent), followed by New York (12 percent) and Connecticut (9.5 percent).

  • In 2012, CSG’s Eastern region had the highest median household income at $58,510, followed by the West at $53,477, Midwest at $51,635 and the South at $45,381.
  • Ohio ($44,375) and Indiana ($46,158) had the lowest incomes in the Midwestern region, while Minnesota ($61,495) and North Dakota ($55,795) had the highest.
  • From 2007 to 2012, median household income in the Midwestern region declined by 6.4 percent.
  • During this same time period, all but one state in the region—North Dakota—saw median income decline. Ohio saw the largest decline in the region (18.4 percent), followed by Indiana (12.2 percent) and Illinois (11 percent).

  • In 2012, CSG’s Eastern region had the highest median household income at $58,510, followed by the West at $53,477, Midwest at $51,635 and the South at $45,381.
  • Mississippi ($36,641) and Arkansas ($39,018) had the lowest incomes in the Southern region, while Virginia ($64,632) and Texas ($51,926) had the highest.
  • From 2007 to 2012, median household income in the Southern region declined by 7 percent. 
  • During this same time period, all but two states in the region—Oklahoma and Texas—saw median income decline. Louisiana saw the largest decline in the region (14.6 percent), followed by North Carolina (13.8 percent) and Arkansas (13.6 percent). 

  • In 2012, CSG’s Eastern region had the highest median household income at $58,510, followed by the West at $53,477, Midwest at $51,635 and the South at $45,381.
  • New Mexico ($43,424) and Montana ($45,088) had the lowest incomes in the region Western region, while Alaska ($63,648) and Washington ($62,187) had the highest.
  • From 2007 to 2012, median household income in the Western region declined by 9.5 percent. During this same time period, all but one state in the region—Wyoming—saw median income decline. Nevada saw the largest declines in the region (20.9 percent), followed by Hawaii (20.6 percent) and Colorado (15.4 percent).

Note: All data presented are the author’s analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements, http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/index.html.

State Median Household Income