Snapshot: State Trade with Canada and Mexico

With the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) back in the news, the important trade relationship between Canada, Mexico and the states is in the spotlight. For 30 out of the 50 States, Canada or Mexico rank as the first or second largest export market. Here are some quick stats about state exports to these two trading partners and the jobs that rely on that trade relationship.

CANADA

  Download State-by-State: Merchandise Exports to Canada, 2012-2016

  • According to data from the International Trade Association, total U.S. goods exports to Canada in 2016 were nearly $266 billion – more than $820 for every man, woman and child in the country.
  • Three states – Michigan, Ohio and Texas – made up almost a fourth of all exports: $62 billion altogether.
  • Of the 6.7 million jobs supported by goods exports in 2015, 18.5 percent – or 1.2 million – were supported by exports to Canada.
  • According to figures from Canada’s embassy, almost one in 25 jobs in North Dakota is supported by U.S. trade with Canada. More than one in 30 jobs in New York, Maryland, South Carolina, South Dakota and Virginia are supported.

MEXICO

  Download State-by-State: Merchandise Exports to Mexico, 2012-2016

  • U.S. goods exports to Mexico in 2016 totaled $231 billion in 2016, or $713 per capita.
  • Texas ($92.7 billion), California ($25.3 billion) and Michigan ($12 billion) were the top exporting states to Mexico in 2016.
  • Of the 6.7 million jobs supported by goods exports in 2015, 14.4 percent – or 968,000 – were supported by exports to Mexico.
  • Mexico’s Ministry of the Economy reports that 565,000 jobs in California, 322,000 jobs in New York, 382,000 jobs in Texas and 290,000 jobs in Florida depend on overall trade (exports including goods and services as well as imports) with Mexico.