Resolution Affirming the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
WHEREAS, the 10th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States reads as follows: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"; and
WHEREAS, the scope of power defined by the 10th Amendment means that the federal government was created by the states specifically to be an agent of the states and it enjoys no more power than that granted to it by the Constitution; and
WHEREAS, states acting under the authority granted to them by the 10th Amendment have the ability to create innovative policy strategies that accommodate the unique needs, cultural traditions and priorities of their jurisdictions; and
WHEREAS,state governments are experiencing unprecedented shortfalls in revenue, and are generally bound by constitutional balanced budget requirements, thereby struggling to pay for their own policies and programs; and
WHEREAS, despite the fiscal position of states and the articulated intent of the 10th Amendment, the federal government continues to impose unfunded mandates and preempt state sovereignty causing states to be treated as agents of the federal government; and
WHEREAS, recognizing the critical role that states play as laboratories of democracy, modern laws and directives at the federal level, notably President Obama’s 2009 Presidential Memorandum, re: Preemption of State Law, have sought to restore the constitutional balance of power within the state-federal governing relationship.
NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that The Council of State Governments affirms, on behalf of the states, their sovereignty under the 10th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States over all powers not otherwise enumerated and granted to the federal government by the Constitution of the United States.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that The Council of State Governments urges federal agencies to closely adhere to the 2009 Presidential Memorandum, re: Preemption of State Law directing federal agencies to consider the impact of their decisions on the states.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that The Council of State Governments urges Congress to extend and enhance the scope of the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act to cover rule making actions of independent federal agencies as well as to include a careful examination of the costs imposed on states by partially funded mandates, such as those created by No Child Left Behind, as well as purely unfunded mandates.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that The Council of State Governments appeal for a continued and meaningful dialogue between federal and state officials on matters of common interest and seek active collaboration on an intergovernmental basis.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the executive and legislative leadership of the states, urging them to contact their states’ Congressional Delegation to emphasize the important role of the states in our federal system.
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the President of the United States, the President of the United States Senate, the Speaker and the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives.
Adopted this 22nd Day of May 2010 at CSG’s 2010 Economic Summit of the States in New York City, NY.