Apprenticeships in the States, FY2016
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, an individual employer, group of employers, or an industry association can sponsor a Registered Apprenticeship program. Program sponsors provide jobs to apprentices, oversee training development, and provide hands-on learning and technical instruction for apprentices. At the successful completion of the on-the-job and instructional learning, apprentices receive an industry-issued, nationally recognized portable certificate of completion.
In FY 2016 there were over 505,000 active apprentices and 206,000 individuals entered the apprenticeship system. Also in FY 2016, 49,000 participants graduated from the apprenticeship system.
These figures include participants in the United Services Military Apprenticeship Program (USMAP), which is a formal military training program that provides active duty Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps service members the opportunity to improve their job skills and to complete their civilian apprenticeship requirements while they are on active duty. In FY 2016, 95,001 (or almost 19 percent) of active apprentices were in the USMAP program.
California had the largest number of total active apprentices in 2016 (48,770) followed by Virginia (17,142) and Ohio (16,237) while Wyoming (339), Maine (578) and South Dakota (635) had the fewest. As a percentage of total, non-farm employment, Hawaii had the largest number of active apprentices with 13.4 apprentices per 1,000 employees, followed by the District of Colombia (9.7 per 1,000) and West Virginia (7.3 per 1,000). States with the fewest apprentices per job were Maine (.9 per 1,000), Oklahoma and Arizona (both 1 per 1,000).
The top five occupations for apprentices– which make up more than one-fifth of all active participants – are Electricians (41,489 apprentices), Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters (23,094 apprentices), Carpenters (20,159 apprentices), Construction Laborers (14,089 apprentices), and Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers (7,890 apprentices).