Crime

Despite numerous efforts at all levels of government, policymakers continue to struggle to identify and implement effective policies and programs that address the myriad issues related to sexual offenders and their crimes. Complex issues around sentencing, community supervision and re-entry of sexual offenders into the community remain critical challenges for state lawmakers.

The cost of substance abuse and addiction is staggering— hitting state budgets hard.  Alternative methods of managing substance abuse can pay off for states.  States’ fiscal crises have simultaneously provided opportunities to develop new strategies for substance abuse programs and forced funding decreases for successful programs.

State eNews Issue #38 | January 20, 2010
 

Kentucky has a pretty good program for monitoring the dispensation of prescription drugs.

The Kentucky All Schedule Prescription Electronic Reporting system—or KASPER for short—requires anyone who writes a prescription in the state to report it to the system within seven days, said Dave Hopkins, KASPER program manager.

The Adam Walsh Act sets a minimum national standard for state sex offender registries and  notification laws and has the potential to overhaul sex offender laws across the nation. The act, which is divided into seven titles, calls for a more detailed, uniform and nationalized system of sex offender registries; addresses issues of child pornography, Internet safety and civil commitment; creates grants for electronic monitoring; and revises the Immigration and Nationality Act to address immigrants who are sex offenders.

In the 2007–2008 legislative biennium, state legislatures considered at least 1,500 bills related to sex offenders; at least 275 of those bills became law. Six states—Arkansas, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Nevada and Texas—did not hold a regular legislative session in 2008.

State eNews Issue #37 | January 6, 2010

With the new year comes new funding opportunities for controversial needle exchange programs targeting injection drug users and meant to combat the spread of diseases—mainly HIV/AIDS—passed  through dirty needles.

Some states such as New York have hosted these needle swaps for years, praising their ability to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS and other blood-borne diseases by providing clean syringes to...

The Council of State Governments encourages lawmakers to investigate the effects of human trafficking in their own states and act to pass legislation that will address these activities

CSG South

Every year, the global $10 billion dollar human trafficking industry deprives individuals of their human rights and freedoms, increases global health risks and fuels the growth of organized crime. Centering around the most vulnerable, exploited and dehumanized people in the world, human trafficking affects women and children, as well as men and boys, and is carried out for a variety of purposes, most notably forced labor and sexual servitude. It is a problem that has endured for centuries, despite modern efforts by countries throughout the world to thwart the heinous practice. While the United States has, in many ways, been an international leader in this regard, the problem persists. Individual states are now taking up the responsibility of assessing how this practice affects people who live within their own borders and what they can do to further combat this problem.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act attempts to balance the need for housing registered adult sex offenders with citizen concerns about housing such offenders in residential areas. The Act generally limits the number of registered sex offenders who can live together in residential housing at two. However, it grants exceptions to this rule and gives cities and counties the authority to exceed the limit if the cities and counties meet certain criteria when locating residential housing for registered sex offenders.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act directs that no person, other than the recipient of a call, shall use any Internet caller identification equipment or Internet phone equipment in such a manner as to make a number or name, other than the residential or business phone number or legal or business name of the subscriber or registered user of the Internet phone service, appear on a caller identification system of the recipient of the call. The Act does not apply to service providers who transmit caller identification information created or supplied by others.

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