Interstate Compacts

Guest Author: Rick Masters, CSG Special Counsel for Interstate Compacts

When is Congressional Consent required?
The determination of whether congressional consent is required depends upon the applicability of the compact clause of the U.S. Constitution (Art. I, Sec. 10, Cl. 3).  Despite the wording of this provision, not all interstate compacts require the consent of congress, only those which interfere or conflict with some enumerated power granted to the federal government under the Constitution. 

Several Great Lakes-related measures have been introduced in state capitols across the region during the first half of 2011, from bills on how to handle future offshore wind energy projects to new legislative proposals on how states should manage their water resources.

CSG Research & Expertise in the News: 6/5-6/11, 2011

The following compilation features published news stories during the week of June 5-11 that highlight experts and/or research from The Council of State Governments. For more information about any of the experts or programs discussed, please contact CSG at (800) 800-1910 and you will be directed to the appropriate staff.  Members of the press should call (859) 244-8246.

Since the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in March 2010, states have launched several initiatives in the effort to preserve their ability to manage health care within their borders.  In addition to the several legal challenges brought by a number of states which are currently being reviewed by various federal circuit courts of appeals, some states have opted for Health Care Compact legislation as an alternative to the health reform bill.

CSG Research & Expertise in the News: Week of 5/29-6/4, 2011

The following compilation features published news stories during the week of May 29-June 4 that highlight experts and/or research from The Council of State Governments. For more information about any of the experts or programs discussed, please contact CSG at (800) 800-1910 and you will be directed to the appropriate staff.  Members of the press should call (859) 244-8246.

Interstate compacts are contracts between states. Applying best practices - developed over more than two centuries of the  history of compact use - helps ensure that the complex process of orchestrating a contract between multiple state governments is successful.

 

Interstate compacts are contracts between two or more states creating an agreement on a variety of issues, such as specific policy challenges, regulatory matters and boundary settlements. This brief provides background on the history of compacts, their primary purposes, and information about compacts affiliated with the National Center for Interstate Compacts.

 

Dating back to America’s colonial past, interstate compacts are one of the few tools specifically granted to states by the U.S. Constitution. While it is unlikely our Founding Fathers anticipated the scope and breadth of today’s state government policy challenges, their inclusion of compacts in the Constitution provided state policymakers with a powerful, durable, and adaptive tool for ensuring cooperative action among the states. The growth of the modern
compact has further provided states a sophisticated administrative mechanism, allowing interstate collaboration to resolve complex policy challenges, while simultaneously avoiding federal intervention. 

LEXINGTON, Ky.-The National Center for Interstate Compacts helped create language for a new insurance compact endorsed by the National Conference of Insurance Legislators, or NCOIL, at a state summit in Austin Sunday. The National Center is part of The Council of State Governments, the nation's only organization serving all three branches of state government.

The compact is called SLIMPACT-Lite--the Surplus Lines Insurance Multi-State Compliance Compact. The surplus lines industry provides an insurance market for hard-to-...

Crady deGolian and Nathan Dickerson are helping to staff the third annual meeting of the Interstate Commission on Educational Opportunity for Military Children.  Representatives from 27 of 35 member states and ex-officio members representing a variety of organizations committed to serving the children of military families are once again meeting to discuss how the compact can best serve the educational needs of the children of active duty military personnel.

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