Interstate Compacts

The proposed creation of an interstate compact that would allow psychologists to practice over the phone and across state lines has been introduced by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards. While still in its draft stage, the association, which has partnered with The Council of State Governments’ National Center for Interstate Compacts to develop model language, hopes to have legislation introduced in the coming 2016 legislative session.

In Kansas v. Nebraska and Colorado the Supreme Court agreed with a Special Master in a dispute about water rights involving an interstate compact, that Kansas would receive partial disgorgement (a fine) but not an injunction against Nebraska and accounting procedures would be changed so that Nebraska’s use of imported water would not be count against its compact allocation. Through an interstate compact ratified in 1943, Colorado, Nebraska, and Kansas share the virgin water supply originating in the Republican River Basin. The Court adopted the Master’s recommendation of $1.8 million in disgorgement because Nebraska knowingly failed to comply with the compact by knowingly exposing Kansas to a substantial risk that it would breach the contract and because water is more valuable to farmland in Nebraska than Kansas.

Crady deGolian, Director of CSG's National Center for Interstate Compacts, outlines the top 5 compacts to watch in 2015, including those dealing with medical, EMS, physical therapy, and telepsychology licensing, and the State Authorization Reciprocity Agreement, which seeks to achieve interstate reciprocity in the regulation of distance regulation.  

When it comes to solving problems, states increasingly are turning to a mechanism that dates back to America’s colonial past—the interstate compact. Compacts are one of the few tools specifically granted to states by the U.S. Constitution. They provide states a sophisticated administrative mechanism, allowing interstate collaboration to resolve complex policy challenges.

Compacts, which are governed by the tenets of contract law, provide states an enforceable, sustainable and durable tool capable of ensuring permanent change...

With state legislative sessions getting ready to gear back up in the New Year, the newly drafted Interstate Medical Licensure Compact continues to receive wide spread endorsement from both state boards and key stakeholder groups.  To date, 17 state medical and osteopathic boards have formally endorsed the Compact, including:

Multi-State Internet Gaming Agreement (Statement)

Existing law authorizes certain gaming establishments to obtain a license to operate interactive gaming. Sections 2-5 of this bill define certain terms for the purposes of determining whether a person may be found suitable for a license to operate interactive gaming. Section 6 of this bill requires the Nevada Gaming Commission to adopt regulations authorizing the...

The act expands upon previous legislation (AB 114) that allows Nevada to develop and enter in to interstate compacts for online gaming. This act allows Nevada to not only other work out agreements with other states, but with foreign governments and tribal areas, as well. The bill defines eligible compact partners as “any governmental unit of a national, state or local body exercising governmental functions, other than the United States Government. This term includes, without limitation, national and sub-national governments, including their respective departments, agencies and instrumentalities and any department, agency or authority of any such governmental unit that has authority over gaming and gambling activities.” Agreements with international operators must follow the regulations already in place by Nevada’s Gaming Commission.

Following the lead of emergency medical services and doctors, a group of physical therapists and state board administrators are working to develop a licensing compact that would make it easier for physical therapists to practice in multiple states. This type of agreement could significantly increase access to physical therapy services in rural and hard-to-serve areas, which in turn has the potential to reduce costs for patients, states and the federal government. The compact also could allow providers to take advantage of improving technologies and offer more telehealth services.

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In September, more than 60 people from across the Great Lakes basin came to western Lake Erie for three days of fishing. But it was far from a pleasure trip. Instead, these employees from 10 different government agencies (state, federal and provincial) were testing the region’s capabilities to respond to future crises involving invasive species.

Ever since Asian carp were found to be dangerously close to entering the lakes, the region’s states and provinces have been on high alert. And part of their response has been to work more closely together — for example, sharing personnel, expertise and supplies such as Rotenone, the chemical used to stop the carp’s advance.

Earlier this year, at a meeting of the Council of Great Lakes Governors, the region’s governors and premiers signed a mutual-aid agreement that formalizes the process for how jurisdictions assist each other when an invasive-species threat arises.

Delegates from the American Medical Association (AMA) formally endorsed the Interstate Medical Licensure Compact at this week’s 2014 AMA Interim Meeting.  The compact, which creates a process for expedited licensing for doctors wishing to practice in multiple states, was developed jointly by the Federation of State Medical Boards, CSG’s National Center for Interstate Compacts, and a drafting team comprised of state medical board officials.