Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS

More than half of girls ages 13 through 17 in 23 states have received one or more doses of HPV vaccine despite the absence of state mandates.  New vaccination recommendations include boys.

Each year, 19 million Americans are newly diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases--and nearly half occur in young people ages 15 to 24. However, less than half of those at risk of these diseases--which includes HIV, the infection that can lead to AIDS--are tested for the infections. New CSG state profiles highlight effective state policies recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to address sexual health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. 

CSG state policy profiles on sexual health and prevention provide the latest statistics for each state and Puerto Rico on HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections and teen pregnancy.

But more significantly, the profiles provide answers to the question "what can be done?" Effective state policies recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are highlighted. Each state's profile reviews whether policies have been implemented in line with these recommendations.

The CSG state profiles are the place for state decision makers to get up-to-date statistics and analysis of research-proven state actions to prevent HIV/AIDS, STIs and teen pregnancy.

CSG state policy profiles on sexual health and prevention provide the latest statistics for each state and Puerto Rico on HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections and teen pregnancy.

But more significantly, the profiles provide answers to the question "what can be done?" Effective state policies recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are highlighted. Each state's profile reviews whether policies have been implemented in line with these recommendations.

The CSG state profiles are the place for state decision makers to get up-to-date statistics and analysis of research-proven state actions to prevent HIV/AIDS, STIs and teen pregnancy.

The rates of AIDS diagnoses vary greatly among the states as well as across ethnic and racial lines.  African-Americans are 10 times more likely to be diagnosed with AIDS than Whites and three times more likely than Hispanics/Latinos. Regional  rates of AIDS diagnoses varied widely, with the rates per 100,000 adults and adolescents in the South (13.3) and East (13.2) double the rates in the West (6.4) and Midwest (5.8) regions.  

At a special session during the CSG-South 65th annual conference in Memphis, Tenn., legislators heard from speakers about the belt of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections in the South. The meeting was sponsored by the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention cooperative agreement with CSG.

Seventeen states no longer fund circumcisions through Medicaid, in an effort to save money in cash-strapped budgets, while the city of San Francisco attempts to ban the procedure on ethical grounds.  

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends six strategies to reduce the spread of HIV and STD's. Only one of 32 rural states has all six policies in place and less than one-third have four or more of the six recommended policies in place. 

State legislation from 2010 sessions related to expedited partner therapy, HIV testing, syringe services and HPV vaccine coverage and screening.  Read the 2010 report and the archived reports from 2006 to 2009.

Federal health reform expanded private health plan coverage for preventive services that can keep people healthy, save lives and reduce health care costs, which many Americans do not receive. Starting Jan. 1, 2011, new group and individual private health plans are required to cover recommended preventive services, and patients do not have copayments or deductibles when in-network providers are used. To prevent sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS, covered services include screening tests, prevention counseling and immunizations. Coverage for preventive services by Medicare and Medicaid is also expanded.

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