Government

Following its predictable loss before the South Dakota Supreme Court, South Dakota is expected to ask the U.S. Supreme Court to rule that its law requiring out-of-state retailers to collect sales tax is constitutional. Doing so will require the U.S. Supreme Court to take the unusual step of overruling precedent.  

In Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, decided in 1992, the Supreme Court held that states cannot require retailers with no in-state physical presence to collect sales tax.

In recent years, the rate at which women enter into state-level offices has slowed following several decades of gains in the late 20th century. Efforts to recruit women for elective and appointive positions will be critical in determining what the future holds for women in state government.

U.S. population trends are showing something of a dual personality when viewed from the perspective of the nation as a whole or that of its regions. Nationally, population growth has yet again hit a new low, foreshadowing a likely future of only modest gains. Yet, on a more positive note, there is a notable rise in migration flows within the U.S. relocating more residents to fast-growing Sun Belt states as the post-recession economy revives.

Chapter 8 of The Book of the States 2017 contains the following articles and tables:

Defense policy insiders are warning that a new round of base closures and realignments may be inevitable.  For five consecutive years, Congress has rejected requests from the Department of Defense (DoD) for authority to shutter excess military installations.

Congress established the base realignment and closure, or BRAC, process to better confront the demands of a post-Cold War world, as well as reduce the costs of maintaining the nation’s military infrastructure.  The last BRAC round occurred in 2005. According to the most...

State chief justices are not only the leaders of an individual appellate court, but often exercise leadership and administrative authority over an entire state’s judicial branch. How far that authority goes and how individual chief justices exercise that leadership varies and may change depending on whether the chief justice is addressing leadership of their individual appellate court or as a leader in the justice system as a whole.

Chapter 5 of The Book of the States 2017 contains the following articles and tables:

It has been more than 17 years since the Governmental Accounting Standards Board, or GASB, issued its landmark Statement No. 34: Basic Financial Statements—and Management’s Discussion and Analysis—for State and Local Governments. It’s hard to believe, but true. With the release of an invitation to comment in December 2016, GASB is again turning its attention to the government reporting model, beginning with a focus on the governmental funds. This highly anticipated reporting model project addresses several potential improvements to governmental fund reporting, and the GASB believes this project will have a significant impact on the foundation of state and local governments’ accounting and financial reporting.

State and territorial attorneys general are using antitrust and consumer protection enforcement authority to address issues in the health care marketplace, as well as warning consumers about virtual currency called Bitcoin.

Without funding or resources to update outdated voting systems and software, states and localities are struggling to understand—and implement—the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s January 2017 designation of elections as “critical infrastructure.” Many states support a push to have the Trump administration rescind the executive order. Election officials that oppose the measure are concerned about the lack of federal government parameters and the possibility it will create more problems at the polls than it solves, but national intelligence officials say it’s necessary to properly secure the process against threats—particularly foreign-government cyberattacks. No matter what happens in Washington, state policymakers are asking: How can we protect and secure our voting process for the future?

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