Emissions

The Obama administration has formed a new task force to develop policies that promote advances in carbon capture and storage, while the region's governors move ahead with plans of their own.

Transportation is the second-leading source of greenhouse gas emissions and constitutes a key target in the battle against climate change. But by taking a proactive approach, states can moderate its effects and reduce its impacts.

State eNews Issue #38 | January 20, 2010
 

In September 2009, American Electric Power’s Mountaineer Power Plant in New Haven, W.Va., began a 20 megawatt project that will capture and store 100,000 tons of CO2 annually.

It’s one of the nation’s first carbon capture and storage demonstration projects where CO2 is captured and trapped deep underground, instead of being released into...

As the demand for alternative fuel vehicles increases, the government and private-sector interest in developing an electric plug-in-powered automobile grows.  This brief explores some of the technology's basics and the policy obstacles to implementation.

Carbon capture and storage technology is becoming more important across the U.S. as policymakers deal with a balancing act—how to mitigate climate change while keeping the cost of electricity down.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act is based on California law. Under California law, the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Energy Commission) is charged with monitoring trends in the supply and consumption of electricity and other forms of energy in the state and analyzing the social, economic, and environmental consequences of those trends.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act creates a regulatory scheme for geologic CO2 storage. It directs the statedepartment of environmental quality (DEQ) to develop standards for regulating long-term, geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the state. The Act provides a list of specific information that is required in permit applications for CO2 storage injection wells. It allows the DEQ to issue permits for pilot-scale CO2 sequestration and storage projects under current rules and regulations. It also requires the State Oil and Gas Supervisor, State Geologist and Director of DEQ to convene a working group to develop an appropriate bonding procedure and provides a $250,000 appropriation for the working group.

Suggested State Legislation: Act addresses reducing statewide greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent from 1990 levels by 2050. The Act directs the state department of environmental protection to determine the baseline emissions level in 1990. The legislation also authorizes regulations creating a statewide and regional registry of greenhouse gas emissions and requires businesses and utilities which emit greenhouse gases to report those emissions to the registry.

Suggested State Legislation: Texas established a Low-Income Vehicle Repair Assistance, Retrofit, and Accelerated Vehicle Retirement Program (LIRAP) in 2001 to provide incentives to repair or replace vehicles in areas that don’t meet federal air quality standards. LIRAP is tied to mandatory motor vehicle inspection, maintenance and emissions testing throughout the state.

Suggested State Legislation: This Act establishes a program to provide grants to farmers, loggers, and others who provide agricultural biomass to facilities in the state that generate electric energy and use the best available emissions control technology.

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