The multi-layered contributions of the arts and arts-related activities rank among the lesser known and unheralded aspects of contemporary American society. Beyond the intrinsic benefits of the arts—i.e. benefits that serve to enrich an individual’s life experiences, standard of living and learning—recently, advocates have demonstrated the crucial role played by the arts in generating a significant level of economic growth too. In fact, highlighting the substantial private and public economic benefits flowing from a thriving arts environment continues to be a theme often stressed by arts advocates of every stripe across the country. Consequently, the objective of this summary report is to capture elements of this theme by focusing on the 16 states that belong to The Council of State Governments’ Southern office, the Southern Legislative Conference (SLC). This is not the first time that the SLC has featured this topic among its publications, with the most recent effort being in November 2000, and the SLC’s ongoing review of this topic is a reflection of the recognition of its importance to SLC economies and public officials in the South.