Capitol Comments

After the passage of Megan's Law in 1994, state governments began imposing residency restrictions on registered sex offenders. Most of these statutes prohibit sex offenders from living within a set distance of schools or daycare centers. Some states impose additional restrictions, such as prohibiting sex offenders from living near public parks, youth centers, churches, or other places youth may congregate. Some states lack residency restriction statutes, allowing local governments to determine their own restrictions.

According to the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative, 26,000 kids age out of the foster care system each year - and it comes with a big cost. Kids who leave foster care without a permanent family are less likely to graduate from high school or college, more likely to end up homeless and young women are more likely to become pregnant before age 21. This ends up costing society an additional $8 billion for each cohort that leaves foster care. To help address some of these negative outcomes, The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act, which became effective in 2010, extended eligibility for benefits to foster kids beyond the age of 18 – up to age 21.  Those benefits (Title IV-E) are available to young people if they are:

Higher education R&D spending is funded by a variety of sources, the largest of which is the federal government, which funded 59 percent of spending in 2013, followed by funding from the institutions themselves, which equaled 22 percent. State and local government spending made up 5.5 percent of total R&D spending. During The Triple Helix session at the CSG 2015 National Conference in Nashville, Tenn., experts from government, academia and the private sector will discuss how best to collaborate in developing a long-term strategy to grow the economy.

Econ Piggy

Research institutions are a key ingredient to innovation and long-term economic growth, and the United States has a long history of being a global leader. According to the National Science Foundation, universities spent $67.2 billion on research and development across all fields in the 2013 fiscal year.

The Department of Labor awarded more than $39.3 million in grants last week to enhance unemployment insurance programs in 43 states. “For more than 80 years, the unemployment insurance system has been a crucial lifeline for millions of working people who lost their job through no fault of their own,” said U.S. Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez in a press release. “These grants will help states use every tool at its disposal to ensure payments are available to those who are eligible, and take important steps to reduce and recover improper payments. The funds will also identify new ways to level the playing field for responsible employers.”